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Coach Alana: The Need for Speed

Here on the RunningLane Blog we have talked about strides and their place in training, but we want to cover why it is important to never be too far removed from true speed work. Sometimes periodization in training is taken to the extreme, people view different phases of training like making certain check points that need not to be revisited. In reality, we believe that it is important to touch a bit of every system in each phase of the training cycle. In the same way you aren’t going to see a professional swimmer do all their work on dry land during the off season, you aren’t going to see a high caliber runner go months without touching some sort of turnover, even if it is just in the form of strides. Speed work in the form of near maximal efforts is a critical piece of the puzzle whether you are training for the 800 meter or beyond.

Let’s take it back just a bit. Aerobic work is the base layer of all running. Simply put a runner has to run, and run frequently and consistently. Aerobic work/ aerobic threshold work is the base of all training (Check out Coach Will’s article here).  This type of work allows us to replicate and increase the size of our mitochondria (Our powerhouse cells that create ATP). There is little here that can be debated. However, in order to get faster, be more comfortable at higher velocity and have the muscular capability to produce said higher speeds, one cannot simply rely on aerobic work.  

Running slow and running fast require different types of muscle recruitment. We run fast to not only recruit more muscle fibers, but wake up neuromuscular connections and create muscle tension that aids in greater power output at faster speeds. Seems like a no brainer, but let’s take a look at this example.

Going into my freshman year of college, I was very fit after logging a big summer of mileage…perhaps too much. I got a stress fracture at the very start of the season and had to cross train for 6 weeks. Sometimes I’d cross train up to 2.5 hours a day. I actually kept a lot of aerobic fitness. When I started running again, I felt pretty good, even my first tempo workout went better than expected. Then came some faster work…

I remember doing my first shorter reps with the team at a higher velocity and feeling awful. I was running like an uncoordinated duck. Shortly thereafter we had our conference meet. I led the race up till the final kilometer. When the pack picked it up, my legs had absolutely no ability to turnover. I wasn’t slowing down, I simply had no more gears and fell to third place. Flash forward a couple weeks when I had been running for over a month with some consistent speed work and turnover practice, I finished 10th in the nation after falling and being in 50th place at the first mile. Was my aerobic fitness any better, maybe slightly? What was the big difference? My speed. It didn’t take much, but I needed time to reteach those muscle fibers to fire again after months of not being used.

Muscle recruitment, stride frequency and overall mechanics can be improved by incorporating near maximal efforts in your training. This doesn’t mean you need to introduce max effort 400s in marathon training (please don’t). Introducing this type of work means never getting to far away from the mechanically fundamental part of running fast. Perhaps it means you are introducing strides more frequently and early into your training block or doing 200s and hill sprints. Whatever it may be, don’t miss out on the opportunity to be a better-rounded and faster runner at any point in your training cycle. 

Comments

  1. Michael Smith's avatar
    Michael Smith
    | Permalink
    Alana,<br /> Great thoughts and you made it personal by adding your story.<br /> Thanks.
  2. Dave Smith's avatar
    Dave Smith
    | Permalink
    Alana,<br /> <br /> You said "please don't" introduce max effort 400s into marathon training. Can you please elaborate?<br /> <br /> Thanks for your post!<br /> <br /> Dave
  3. Alana's avatar
    Alana
    | Permalink
    Hey Dave, <br /> <br /> Thank you for the question! By maximal effort 400s here, I am referring to true max effort 400s. For instance if you were to run an all out 400 fresh and it be 75 seconds, I wouldn't prescribe that you do sets of near max pace 400s during a marathon build as it is not necessarily event focused. The cost of doing a workout like that is quite high without much event specific gain. For an event like the 800m or the 1500m that is likely a different story and more specialized work as such has a time and a place. For the marathon and longer events it is easy for people to get caught up in only doing threshold work, long tempos etc. The muscles are highly teachable and the ability to sprint still plays a big role in biomechanics and muscle recruitment. Therefore, incorporating things like strides, "power 150s" or even short hill sprints are great ways to keep the body accustomed to "true speed" beyond 5k pace. Efforts like this are not meant to be full workouts, but they are great ways to give the CNS a wakeup call without taxing the legs in a hard effort that takes days to recover from. Speed is just a piece of the puzzle. The importance of that piece is different for every event. <br /> <br /> Thanks for the read Dave, I hope that clarified things a bit. If you have any more questions feel free to email me at ascarano@runninglane.com

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Dave

I've been running since April of 2011, and I got into it mostly for weight loss purposes.  I quickly realized that I loved running and became interested in getting better and setting goals.  Each season brings different challenges, and I like being coached by people that coach me based on my personal goals, rather than a generic website that makes us all one type of runner.  RunningLane is perfect for runners seeking specific training tailored to their own personal goals.